Berkeley Lab

Archives: ENERGY STAR® Consumer Electronics Levels

In 1997, the EPA introduced the first ENERGY STAR® program aimed at reducing standby power in home electronics. This first program included TVs, VCRs, and TV/VCR combination units as shown in the table below. Since then, audio equipment and DVD players have been added to the Energy Star program. Currently, the EPA is working with industry to establish a program for set-top boxes as well. For more information on these programs, see the EPA’s ENERGY STAR® Home Electronics page. Feel free to also visit our ENERGY STAR® Office Equipment page.

Appliance Type ENERGY STAR®
Standby Power Limit
Average of Complying Units
in December 1999
Set-top Boxes 1 3 W NA 2001
Set-top Boxes 2 15 W NA 2001
Set-top Boxes 3 20 W NA 2001
Audio Equipment 2 W4 1.2 W 1998
DVD Players 3 W4 1.5 W 1998
TVs 3 W 1.5 W 1997
VCRs 4 W 2.9 W 1997
TV/VCR combos 6 W 4.4 W 1997

1 Includes analog cable boxes, digital converters, Internet and video game consoles, and videophones.
2 Includes digital cable boxes, DBS systems (add 5 W for each LNB), wireless cable boxes, and boxes with digital video recording (DVR) capability.
3 Includes multifunction set-top boxes.
4 Phase 2 for Audio Equipment and DVD Players limits standby losses to 1 watt after 12/31/2002.

The material found on this page is considered archival. Please visit for the most recent information about Standby Power.